Guru Ram Dass Ji
Fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das Ji
(English : Guru Ram Das ji, Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ)
(Born in Lahore, Punjab on 24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581, Amritsar, Punjab)
Guru Ram Das ji is the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. His father in law, Guru Amar Das, was third of the Ten Gurus.
He was born in Lahore to a Sodhi family of the Khatri clan. His father was Hari Das and his mother Anup Devi, and his was given the name Jetha, 'first born'. His wife was Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Guru Amar Das. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Arjan.
As a Guru, one of his main contributions to Sikhism was organizing the structure of Sikh society. Additionally, he was the author of Laava, the hymns of the Marriage Rites, the designer of the Harmandir Sahib, and the planner and creator of the township of Ramdaspur (later Amritsar).